Tuesday, January 19, 2010

agriculture and village upliftment are just not related


A fundamental problem all our armchair politicians get into is to make statements on behalf of rural areas that are totally meaningless and illogical. They have never really lived in the villages and do not realize that there are few real farmers in the rural areas. Rural upliftment and agricultural growth are different concepts.

If one takes improvements of agriculture into account, one must look at all aspects that can at least double the productivity, which is quite possible with little extra effort. This should not be used in the context of helping farmers as that will only make agriculture more unproductive. The so called farmers have no idea of agriculture as they have just fallen into it as a matter of history and more as a failure on their part to find anything more productive. More than half the recipients of the agricultural subsidy still lose on paddy production, further perpetuating their dependency and not pushing them out into some more meaningful income source releasing lands to more productive larger scale farmers to farm.

In my humble opinion lets take each aspect I referred to separately, namely agriculture and rural upliftment. Improvements in agriculture can only be possible with modern techniques, like levelling paddy fields into more economical units so that productivity of the land can double and cost of production can halve by the use of large tractors. We just cannot afford the small scale as we just do not have the people who want to be in this field. Then we should get rid of the major scourges, like monkeys and peacocks that reduce the harvest by leaps and bounds. My most recent crop of mangoes was all destroyed in two days by a herd of monkeys, leaving none for me to sell! It is easy but has to be done at government level like darting all the monkeys so they become sterile and not reproduce. There is no shortage of these species so the reduction in numbers is not an issue. New varieties that are appropriate for the soil conditions along with proper guidance in their growing is important. Farmers in my area who have farmed rice for generations are still completely unaware that simple processes and practices can improve yields immensely.

With regard to rural upliftment in living conditions, the most important area is advising people on ambition, skills based on liking, and commitment towards sustainable income generating vocations. None of this is being properly implemented in the much talked about Gamidiriya program. I am in a Gamidiriya village and I can honestly say it is a total failure as the "hakiyawa" or abilities of the recipients are not ascertained. So the money lent for the vocational training is completely wasted as is the money lent to get people started in aspects of trade. It is important that a proper aptitude test be performed prior to such disbursements.

I am so full of hope as to the possible, but know no one who wishes to tackle this complete about face in attitude and will just have to fight my battles to convince others to the reality and then to the direction I propose.

6 comments:

Jack Point said...

Interesting.

Would like you to ponder on this, whenever time permits

http://jestforkicks.blogspot.com/2010/01/land-reform.html

Anonymous said...

i have noticed your blog posts have become more political across all of your blogs.

i like the anthropological posts more, with a a bit of commentary.

Anonymous said...

I love your blog and absolutely agree with what you're saying. The fact though is that your suggestions in this column are just plain IMPRACTICAL. It won't work in the near future because of the underlying politics, both in terms of local rural politics (especially the farmers, so-called labourers, squatters, and thieves who'll all be disenfranchised) and in terms of governmental politics (it's against socialist policy and much too much work to get a bit of money; easier to ask some foreign organization for a million dollar loan and pocket half).

Anonymous said...

what do you think of this?

ri Lanka Hayleys to increase exports to food chains
Feb 03, 2010 (LBO) –Sri Lanka’s Hayleys conglomerate is building a factory in the former war zone in the east to increase exports of pickled gherkins to food companies such as McDonald’s and Burger King.

Sunfrost, the Hayleys subsidiary that is building the plant, expects to be working with 2,500 farmers by 2012, the US Agency for International Development, which is involved in the project, said in a statement.
“Sri Lanka expects strong economic growth in the coming years, fuelled by peace in the north and east and increased agricultural production,” said Rizvi Zaheed, director of Hayleys.

The island’s 30-year ethnic conflict ended last May, prompting companies to expand to the former war zones in the north and east.

“Raising the incomes of farmers and creating new economic opportunities in the east is important to help conflict-affected communities rebuild and reintegrate into the national economy,” said Rebecca Cohn, USAID Mission Director.

USAID and Hayleys partnered on a small pilot project in 2008 that focused on increased production of cucumbers used for gherkin pickles.

“Because of its success, we have expanded it to 1,000 farmers,” Cohn said.

The project between Hayleys and USAID aims to increase the quantity and improve the quality of cucumbers grown to produce gherkin pickles and seed production for paddy.

Anonymous said...

Keep posting stuff like this i really like it

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